TIMELINE OF EVENTS: REVOLUTION

Active Death Toll of the HQ massacre: 325+
Active Rape numbers: 70+

DECEMBER 2018:

  • 13th: Teachers strike in the White Nile State and protests take place in Eldamazin. 
  •  19th: By this day, protests have broken out nation-wide, stemming from the rising prices for basic amenities due to the government lifting subsidies for wheat and fuel. Days later, the protestors were chanting for the abolishment of the ruling regime and demanded democracy led by a civilian government. It should be noted that the regime was long criticised, and the rise in prices was the last straw for the Sudanese people, but not the sole reason that citizens peacefully took to the streets.
  • 21st: Access to social media and instant messaging is cut off by all telecommunication providers nation-wide following orders of the government. Those with access to VPN are able to share images and videos of the protests online to expose the government’s violent silencing of protesters.
  • 24th: Sudanese Professionals Association calls for a Million Man March to the Presidential Palace, to demand the resignation of Omar AlBashir. AlBashir holds a press conference where he vows to “take real reforms to guarantee a decent life for citizens,” after protests turn deadly at the hands of the military.
  • 25th: Yasir Elsir Ali is shot by a sniper in the chest. 
  • 29th: A government information minister goes live on national television and Facebook in a press conference, announcing the arrest of a ‘rebel cell’ of students from Darfur. The innocent individuals are forced to confess to false charges of inciting violence through riots, and being part of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM), while on air. 

JANUARY 2019

  • 1st: Independence Day in Sudan. Twenty-two political parties issue a statement asking for AlBashir to step down, to put pressure on the National Congress Party (NCP). Some were previously NCP allies, and turned. Together, they formed the National Front for Change (NFC), and wrote up the Declaration of Freedom and Change.
  • 5th: Yasir Elsir Ali is taken into custody against his will and while still injured, by 12 armed men in civilian clothing.
  • 9th: A significantly large protest is held in the state of El Gadaref.
    • An anti-regime march successfully reaches the Parliament in the capital.
    • Protesters in Omdurman stage a sit-in in front of the National Council, potentially the first major one since the start of the movement.
  • 14th: Omar AlBashir visits Nyala (South Darfur) to give a speech. Calls protesters saboteurs, says the economy will not be fixed by riots and sabotage, and instead governmental change can only come through ‘clean elections’. 
  • 17th: Residents of Burri, a particularly vocal neighborhood in the capital, were opposed ruthlessly by security forces. Live ammunition was fired, women had their heads shaven and were badly beaten, people were dragged out into the square and whipped viciously.
    • A very large sit-in took place outside Royal Care Hospital in Burri, Khartoum, where protesters had been taken to have gunshot wounds treated. The people chant for a the fall of the regime, and stand there into the late hours of the night in defiance of the security forces unjustly taking the lives of doctors and civilians during that day of protests.

FEBRUARY 2019

  • 22nd: Omar AlBashir holds a press conference in which he declares a nationwide year-long state of emergency. This gives security services expanded powers to search buildings, seize any money or goods they perceive as “violating emergency law”, restrict movement of people and public transport, and arrest suspects. On top of that, he banned: blocking roads, foot traffic, holding any type of public event without a permit, strikes, sit-ins, and “undermining the prestige of the State or any of its officials, agencies or employees”.
    • Omar AlBashir announced the dissolution of the central governments and the regional governments, and replaced regional governors with military generals.
    • He promoted Ahmed Awad Ibn Ouf, Defense Minister of Sudan, to the position of Vice President.

MARCH 2019

  • 7th: Protests organized to honor women for their leading role in the uprising. The entire month was called White March, the white clothing symbolizing the identity of working women. 
  • 8th: Omar al-Bashir ordered that all the women who had been arrested for participating in anti-government demonstrations be freed.

APRIL 2019

  • 6th: The protests carried on for months, resulting in a sit-in outside Khartoum’s Military Headquarters (AlQiyada). Demonstrations also continued taking place all over the globe, led by diaspora standing in solidarity with the Sudanese Revolution. The death toll began to rise at this stage as the revolution gained momentum and international attention.
  • 11th: The ruling president Omar Al Bashir is ousted by the military. The Sudanese army announce his detainment and put into power the Transitional Military Council (TMC) that will replace the former president for two years. The Lieutenant General, Awad Ibn Ouf, is sworn in to lead this council. He imposes a curfew of 9pm-4am.
  • 12th: Increasing protests and uproar against the chosen leader of the TMC, due to his close affiliation with the previous president and the regime, puts pressure on the council until Ibn Ouf resigns in less than 36 hours. He is replaced by General Abdel Fattah Burhan, who is at first praised simply because he is not a war criminal.
  • 13th: Director General of National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS), Salah Gosh, resigns and Amnesty International requests that the TMC investigate his role in protesters’ deaths.
    • Talks between the SPA and TMC officially start. 
    • An order was issued to release those detained under the state of emergency AlBashir enforced. 
  • 18th: The largest protest since the military coup took place. Tens of thousands of protesters headed to the Military HQ in Khartoum, the location of the sit-in, demanding transition of power from the TMC to a civilian authority. The FFC’s blueprints lay out plans for a civilian presidential council made up of revolutionary figures, and only a single representative from the military (defense minister). 
  • 23rd: Spokesperson for the SPA announces the coalition’s decision to suspend all negotiations with the TMC as they considered them to be trying to recycle the Inqaz regime. Plus, It was also due to the stalling tactics being employed by the TMC. 
  • 24th: TMC and FFC agree to create a joint committee to continue negotiations. The FFC reaffirms that its demands remain the same, namely that a civil transitional government should take power for 4 years.
  • 27th: First round of negotiations between the joint committee take place. An agreement was reached to form a transitional council made up jointly of civilians and military, but no side wished to concede the majority power, so no final arrangements were made.
    • 3 military council officials resigned. 

MAY 2019

  • 3rd: Five people reportedly died after an attack incurred by the covert forces linked to the RSF (Rapid Support Forces) lead by the deputy chairman of the TMC, Hemedti.
  • 28th: Force of Freedom and Change (FFC) launches a two day general strike to apply pressure on the TMC to instate a civilian government.

JUNE 2019

  • 3rd: The security and parliamentary forces with numbers closing in on 10,000 attack the Khartoum sit-in. Forces opened fire, burnt down tents and terrorized civilians, over 40 reported rapes and 100 deaths occurred. There are reports of 500+  bodies being thrown into the River Nile. RSF forces extended control over the entire capital of Khartoum with no resistance from the army. Militia forces are also present in other cities, in fewer numbers, but committing the same atrocities.
    • Complete media black out as telecommunication providers cut off internet access.
    • Head of TMC, AbdelFattah Burhan, deems all prior negotiations with the FFC null and void, and announces that fair elections will be held in 9 months.
  • 5th: In a late night press conference, Burhan (head of TMC) states its willingness to negotiate, which is met with a complete refusal from the FFC and the general public.
    • Russia and China block UN action as tension and death tolls continue to rise.
  • 7th: African Union Peace & Security Department announces suspension of Sudan from the Union until power is handed over to a civilian authority in line with the Declaration of Freedom and Change.
    • In response, Prime Minister of Ethiopia, Abiy Ahmed, travels to Khartoum to meet with TMC and FFC (separately) in attempts to mediate negotiations. The FFC refuses to negotiate directly or indirectly with the TMC unless 6 pre-negotiation commands are met. Loosely, these are: 1. Set up an internationally recognized independent investigation panel to bring perpetrators of the crimes committed across the country to fair trial. 2. End the killing and torturing of peaceful civilians and withdraw all militia forces from around the country. 3. Free all political detainees & POW and stop arresting citizens. 4. End all violations of rights of expression and association. 5. Restore internet access. 6. Meeting should only be with the aim of discussing the transfer of power to a civilian authority.  
    • Yasir Awad, leader of Sudan People’s Liberation Movement is arrested from his home. 
    • UN puts evacuation of outposts in Darfur on hold. They inform the Sudanese military that it will not proceed with the evacuation until TMC pledges to use the sites exclusively for civilian purposes.
  • 8th: International demonstrations taken place in places such as, London, Athens, Paris, Algeria.
    • The Head of Air Navigation forces, Adil Almofti, and a National Umma Party Member, developed a diabetic coma after being severely beaten and tortured by security services.
    • Bahri, Omdurman, Almualem Hospitals (in the capital) are all closed because of the attacks on patients and doctors by Janjaweed forces.
    • Emirates Airlines suspends all flights to Khartoum until June 10th. 
    • TMC rejects 6 pre-negotiation conditions put forward by the FCC. 
    • Confirmed: a young woman who was raped by the Janjaweed committed suicide, as her family refused to accept what had happened to her
    • The Central Committee of Sudanese Pharmacists release a statement citing the Janjaweed invasion the National Fund for Medical Supplies, the main reserve for emergency medicine. 
    • Council Secretary General and Council Director of Police of the TMC resign. 
  • 9th: The start of nation-wide civil disobedience in which civilians in Sudan will refrain from working, paying taxes, sending credit, doing anything that would bring money into the country or for the government.
    • World Health Organization (WHO) provides medical supplies to medical centers & hospitals in Khartoum.
    • Confirmation of the following 5 hospitals closed in Khartoum because of RSF harassment: Al-No Hospital, Al-Boluk Hospital, Omdurman Hospital, Mohamed Al-Amin Hamid Hospital & Bahri Hospital.
    • Reports of Janjaweed (RSF) breaking into and vandalizing University of Khartoum. 
    • General Kabashi, spokesperson of TMC, goes on air to state that: 1. The disobedience didn’t affect the country. 2. FFC please end the disobedience. 3. We shutdown the internet for reasons we know. He refers to the #SudanMassacre as a ‘clean-up’ of the sit-in, and state that barricading the roads is against international and humanitarian law
    • Pope Francis speaks out about Sudan: ‘The news reaching us from Sudan gives rise to pain and concern. We pray for these people, so that the violence ceases and the common good is sought in the dialogue.”
    • Judges of Sudan declare their participation in the civil disobedience until the TMC and Janjaweed are removed from power. 
    • Himedti’s Janjaweed militias launched an attack on the town of Dileij in Central Darfur State.
  • 10th: Second day of civil disobedience. Vast majority of shops and businesses in Khartoum are closed, but more traffic than day 1 is visible in the streets.
    • SPLM-N leader Yassir Arman, and fellow party members, Ismail Khamis Jalab and Mubarak Ardol released and forcefully deported to Juba, South Sudan.
    • The only internet provider left functioning, Sudani DSL, was officially cut off, leaving Sudan officially in a complete internet blackout. 4 hours later, reports of internet gradually returning.
    • Massacre still being carried out in Darfur city of Dileij, as well as Zalengi. Janjaweed set fire to a marketplace as punishment for protesters participating in nation-wide civil disobedience. 
    • State department announces the the top US diplomat for Africa, Tibor Nagy, will visit Khartoum to encourage talks between the TMC and FFC. Following, he will head to Ethiopia to discuss the Sudan crisis with the regional power &  African Union.
  • 11th: Death toll of the massacre in cities of Dileij and Zelngi in Darfur rise to 160.
    • It is suspected that social media accounts of protest leader and top negotiator, Mohamed Nagi Alasam, have been hacked. On twitter, the alleged hacker encourages abandoning the civil disobedience as it “did not work”.   
    • General Kabashi, spokesperson of TMC, states that the internet will not return anytime soon as it poses a threat to national security.
    • Mohamed Yousif, member of the SPA, announces the suspension of the strike and civil disobedience in order to allow Ethiopian-led mediation to continue and so those in the informal sector can return to work. However, all talks will be done through a mediator – direct negotiations have not been resumed. 
  • 12th: There have been reports of a failed coup attempt on the TMC, by Bashir loyalists. Failure has resulted in the arrest of 68 officers for further investigation. 
    • RSF reportedly begins pulling out of Khartoum, possibly as per the pre-negotiation condition put forward by the FFC. 
  • 13th: A document has been leaked showing Russia’s Africa ambitions, showing a map of Sudan without the western region including Darfur. This comes as Russia and China has reportedly blocked UN action – following the massacre of protesters on the 3rd of June. Led by the Russian – Yevgeny Prigozhin, who is believed to run military contractor wagner involved in Russian led war in Syria. They aim to exert their influence in Africa. 
    • TMC gives a statement. They admit to ordering the dispersal of the sit-in. Claim they cleaned up ‘Columbia’ because of its threat to the safety of of citizens. Will announce June 3rd massacre investigation findings on Saturday. They deem social media a threat to national security.
    • It is rumored that the internet will remain shut down for 12 more weeks. 
    • Vigil takes place in Nairobi, Kenya in solidarity with the Sudanese people. Law enforcement deploys teargas in the area in attempts to disperse it.
    • US State Dept. Announces ambassador Donald E. Booth as special envoy on Sudan. He will He will lead US efforts to support a political solution to the current crisis that reflects the will of the Sudanese people.
    • Ambassador Blooth & Tibor Nagy pressed TMC Chairman Gen Burhan to take steps to allow successful talks to resume: 1. Stop attacks on civilians. 2. Withdraw military from Khartoum. 3. Allow for an independent investigation of the horrible June 3 attack on the peaceful sit-in and other recent violence. 4. Stop repression of free speech and the internet. 
  • 14th: Human Rights Watch has said that the ongoing internet shutdown in Sudan is a gross violation of human rights and should be lifted immediately.
  • 15th: TMC spokesperson denies the accuracy of rapes reported on June 3rd massacre. 
    • Declan Walsh interviews General Mohamed Hamdan (Himedti). At the interview, an officer produced seized contraband (condoms, moonshine, bongo, fake and real firearms) to show the protesters as drunk or dangerous.
    • Night protests are back as RSF presence in the capital has visibly decreased.