TIMELINE OF EVENTS: REVOLUTION

DECEMBER 2018:

  • 13th: Teachers strike in the White Nile State and protests take place in Eldamazin.
  •  19th: By this day, protests have broken out nation-wide, stemming from the rising prices for basic amenities due to the government lifting subsidies for wheat and fuel. Days later, the protestors were chanting for the abolishment of the ruling regime and demanded democracy led by a civilian government. It should be noted that the regime was long criticised, and the rise in prices was the last straw for the Sudanese people, but not the sole reason that citizens peacefully took to the streets.
  • 21st: Access to social media and instant messaging is cut off by all telecommunication providers nation-wide following orders of the government. Those with access to VPN are able to share images and videos of the protests online to expose the government’s violent silencing of protesters.
  • 24th: Sudanese Professionals Association calls for a Million Man March to the Presidential Palace, to demand the resignation of Omar AlBashir. AlBashir holds a press conference where he vows to “take real reforms to guarantee a decent life for citizens,” after protests turn deadly at the hands of the military.
  • 25th: Yasir Elsir Ali is shot by a sniper in the chest.
  • 29th: A government information minister goes live on national television and Facebook in a press conference, announcing the arrest of a ‘rebel cell’ of students from Darfur. The innocent individuals are forced to confess to false charges of inciting violence through riots, and being part of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM), while on air.

JANUARY 2019

  • 1st: Independence Day in Sudan. Twenty-two political parties issue a statement asking for AlBashir to step down, to put pressure on the National Congress Party (NCP). Some were previously NCP allies, and turned. Together, they formed the National Front for Change (NFC), and wrote up the Declaration of Freedom and Change.
  • 5th: Yasir Elsir Ali is taken into custody against his will and while still injured, by 12 armed men in civilian clothing.
  • 9th: A significantly large protest is held in the state of El Gadaref.
    • An anti-regime march successfully reaches the Parliament in the capital.
    • Protesters in Omdurman stage a sit-in in front of the National Council, potentially the first major one since the start of the movement.
  • 14th: Omar AlBashir visits Nyala (South Darfur) to give a speech. Calls protesters saboteurs, says the economy will not be fixed by riots and sabotage, and instead governmental change can only come through ‘clean elections’.
  • 17th: Residents of Burri, a particularly vocal neighborhood in the capital, were opposed ruthlessly by security forces. Live ammunition was fired, women had their heads shaven and were badly beaten, people were dragged out into the square and whipped viciously.
    • A very large sit-in took place outside Royal Care Hospital in Burri, Khartoum, where protesters had been taken to have gunshot wounds treated. The people chant for a the fall of the regime, and stand there into the late hours of the night in defiance of the security forces unjustly taking the lives of doctors and civilians during that day of protests.
  • 19th: AlBashir holds a press conference. He says “The forces that are against Islam and Sudan do not support the stability of our country.” He continues to stress that the way to change the government is through the upcoming 2020 elections.
  • 20th: Omar AlBashir flies to Qatar amid a period of near-daily protests demanding his fall and the fall of the regime.
  • 22nd: The Sudanese government withdrew work permits for AlJazeera, AlArabiyya, and Andalou News Agency.
  • 23rd: Qatari Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani meets AlBashir. He is reported to have said he supports Sudan’s unity and stability. The two discuss the “latest developments” and “challenges” facing Sudan, as well the peace process in Sudan’s war-torn Darfur region.
  • 27th: Omar AlBashir takes a trip to Egypt where he holds a press conference and says that protesters in Sudan are trying to imitate the Arab Spring uprisings of 2011.
  • 29th: Sudan’s intelligence and security chief has ordered the release of all persons detained during protests since December 2018.
    • A journalist in the capital Khartoum, Hassan Ahmed Berkia, reports that the NISS has confiscated editions of the popular daily, Al-Watan newspaper.
  • 30th: A female opposition leader, Mariam Sadiq AlMahdi (daughter of Ex-PM Sadiq AlMahdi) is arrested by security forces.
  • 31st: General Kamal Abdul Maarouf, chief of staff of the armed forces, issues a statement on Wednesday saying it would not allow the state to collapse, which would be the only result of the removal of AlBashir.

FEBRUARY 2019

  • 22nd: Omar AlBashir holds a press conference in which he declares a nationwide year-long state of emergency. This gives security services expanded powers to search buildings, seize any money or goods they perceive as “violating emergency law”, restrict movement of people and public transport, and arrest suspects. On top of that, he banned: blocking roads, foot traffic, holding any type of public event without a permit, strikes, sit-ins, and “undermining the prestige of the State or any of its officials, agencies or employees”.
    • Omar AlBashir announced the dissolution of the central governments and the regional governments, and replaced regional governors with military generals.
    • He promoted Ahmed Awad Ibn Ouf, Defense Minister of Sudan, to the position of Vice President.

MARCH 2019

  • 7th: Protests organized to honor women for their leading role in the uprising. The entire month was called White March, the white clothing symbolizing the identity of working women.
  • 8th: Omar al-Bashir ordered that all the women who had been arrested for participating in anti-government demonstrations be freed.

APRIL 2019

  • 6th: The protests carried on for months, resulting in a sit-in outside Khartoum’s Military Headquarters (AlQiyada). Demonstrations also continued taking place all over the globe, led by diaspora standing in solidarity with the Sudanese Revolution. The death toll began to rise at this stage as the revolution gained momentum and international attention.
  • 11th: The ruling president Omar Al Bashir is ousted by the military. The Sudanese army announce his detainment and put into power the Transitional Military Council (TMC) that will replace the former president for two years. The Lieutenant General, Awad Ibn Ouf, is sworn in to lead this council. He imposes a curfew of 9pm-4am.
  • 12th: Increasing protests and uproar against the chosen leader of the TMC, due to his close affiliation with the previous president and the regime, puts pressure on the council until Ibn Ouf resigns in less than 36 hours. He is replaced by General Abdel Fattah Burhan, who is at first praised simply because he is not a war criminal.
  • 13th: Director General of National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS), Salah Gosh, resigns and Amnesty International requests that the TMC investigate his role in protesters’ deaths.
    • Talks between the SPA and TMC officially start.
    • An order was issued to release those detained under the state of emergency AlBashir enforced.
  • 18th: The largest protest since the military coup took place. Tens of thousands of protesters headed to the Military HQ in Khartoum, the location of the sit-in, demanding transition of power from the TMC to a civilian authority. The FFC’s blueprints lay out plans for a civilian presidential council made up of revolutionary figures, and only a single representative from the military (defense minister).
  • 23rd: Spokesperson for the SPA announces the coalition’s decision to suspend all negotiations with the TMC as they considered them to be trying to recycle the Inqaz regime. Plus, It was also due to the stalling tactics being employed by the TMC.
  • 24th: TMC and FFC agree to create a joint committee to continue negotiations. The FFC reaffirms that its demands remain the same, namely that a civil transitional government should take power for 4 years.
  • 27th: First round of negotiations between the joint committee take place. An agreement was reached to form a transitional council made up jointly of civilians and military, but no side wished to concede the majority power, so no final arrangements were made.
    • 3 military council officials resigned.

MAY 2019

  • 3rd: Five people reportedly died after an attack incurred by the covert forces linked to the RSF (Rapid Support Forces) lead by the deputy chairman of the TMC, Hemedti.
  • 28th: Force of Freedom and Change (FFC) launches a two day general strike to apply pressure on the TMC to instate a civilian government.

JUNE 2019

  • 3rd: The security and parliamentary forces with numbers closing in on 10,000 attack the Khartoum sit-in. Forces opened fire, burnt down tents and terrorized civilians, over 40 reported rapes and 100 deaths occurred. There are reports of 500+  bodies being thrown into the River Nile. RSF forces extended control over the entire capital of Khartoum with no resistance from the army. Militia forces are also present in other cities, in fewer numbers, but committing the same atrocities.
    • Complete media black out as telecommunication providers cut off internet access.
    • Head of TMC, AbdelFattah Burhan, deems all prior negotiations with the FFC null and void, and announces that fair elections will be held in 9 months.
  • 5th: In a late night press conference, Burhan (head of TMC) states its willingness to negotiate, which is met with a complete refusal from the FFC and the general public.
    • Russia and China block UN action as tension and death tolls continue to rise.
  • 7th: African Union Peace & Security Department announces suspension of Sudan from the Union until power is handed over to a civilian authority in line with the Declaration of Freedom and Change.
    • In response, Prime Minister of Ethiopia, Abiy Ahmed, travels to Khartoum to meet with TMC and FFC (separately) in attempts to mediate negotiations. The FFC refuses to negotiate directly or indirectly with the TMC unless 6 pre-negotiation commands are met. Loosely, these are: 1. Set up an internationally recognized independent investigation panel to bring perpetrators of the crimes committed across the country to fair trial. 2. End the killing and torturing of peaceful civilians and withdraw all militia forces from around the country. 3. Free all political detainees & POW and stop arresting citizens. 4. End all violations of rights of expression and association. 5. Restore internet access. 6. Meeting should only be with the aim of discussing the transfer of power to a civilian authority.
    • Yasir Awad, leader of Sudan People’s Liberation Movement is arrested from his home.
    • UN puts evacuation of outposts in Darfur on hold. They inform the Sudanese military that it will not proceed with the evacuation until TMC pledges to use the sites exclusively for civilian purposes.
  • 8th: International demonstrations taken place in places such as, London, Athens, Paris, Algeria.
    • The Head of Air Navigation forces, Adil Almofti, and a National Umma Party Member, developed a diabetic coma after being severely beaten and tortured by security services.
    • Bahri, Omdurman, Almualem Hospitals (in the capital) are all closed because of the attacks on patients and doctors by Janjaweed forces.
    • Emirates Airlines suspends all flights to Khartoum until June 10th.
    • TMC rejects 6 pre-negotiation conditions put forward by the FCC.
    • Confirmed: a young woman who was raped by the Janjaweed committed suicide, as her family refused to accept what had happened to her
    • The Central Committee of Sudanese Pharmacists release a statement citing the Janjaweed invasion the National Fund for Medical Supplies, the main reserve for emergency medicine.
    • Council Secretary General and Council Director of Police of the TMC resign.
  • 9th: The start of nation-wide civil disobedience in which civilians in Sudan will refrain from working, paying taxes, sending credit, doing anything that would bring money into the country or for the government.
    • World Health Organization (WHO) provides medical supplies to medical centers & hospitals in Khartoum.
    • Confirmation of the following 5 hospitals closed in Khartoum because of RSF harassment: Al-No Hospital, Al-Boluk Hospital, Omdurman Hospital, Mohamed Al-Amin Hamid Hospital & Bahri Hospital.
    • Reports of Janjaweed (RSF) breaking into and vandalizing University of Khartoum.
    • General Kabashi, spokesperson of TMC, goes on air to state that: 1. The disobedience didn’t affect the country. 2. FFC please end the disobedience. 3. We shutdown the internet for reasons we know. He refers to the #SudanMassacre as a ‘clean-up’ of the sit-in, and state that barricading the roads is against international and humanitarian law
    • Pope Francis speaks out about Sudan: ‘The news reaching us from Sudan gives rise to pain and concern. We pray for these people, so that the violence ceases and the common good is sought in the dialogue.”
    • Judges of Sudan declare their participation in the civil disobedience until the TMC and Janjaweed are removed from power.
    • Himedti’s Janjaweed militias launched an attack on the town of Dileij in Central Darfur State.
  • 10th: Second day of civil disobedience. Vast majority of shops and businesses in Khartoum are closed, but more traffic than day 1 is visible in the streets.
    • SPLM-N leader Yassir Arman, and fellow party members, Ismail Khamis Jalab and Mubarak Ardol released and forcefully deported to Juba, South Sudan.
    • The only internet provider left functioning, Sudani DSL, was officially cut off, leaving Sudan officially in a complete internet blackout. 4 hours later, reports of internet gradually returning.
    • Massacre still being carried out in Darfur city of Dileij, as well as Zalengi. Janjaweed set fire to a marketplace as punishment for protesters participating in nation-wide civil disobedience.
    • State department announces the the top US diplomat for Africa, Tibor Nagy, will visit Khartoum to encourage talks between the TMC and FFC. Following, he will head to Ethiopia to discuss the Sudan crisis with the regional power &  African Union.
  • 11th: Death toll of the massacre in cities of Dileij and Zelngi in Darfur rise to 17, with two Janjaweed members dead.
    • It is suspected that social media accounts of protest leader and top negotiator, Mohamed Nagi Alasam, have been hacked. On twitter, the alleged hacker encourages abandoning the civil disobedience as it “did not work”.
    • General Kabashi, spokesperson of TMC, states that the internet will not return anytime soon as it poses a threat to national security.
    • Mohamed Yousif, member of the SPA, announces the suspension of the strike and civil disobedience in order to allow Ethiopian-led mediation to continue and so those in the informal sector can return to work. However, all talks will be done through a mediator – direct negotiations have not been resumed.
  • 12th: There have been reports of a failed coup attempt on the TMC, by Bashir loyalists. Failure has resulted in the arrest of 68 officers for further investigation.
    • RSF reportedly begins pulling out of Khartoum, possibly as per the pre-negotiation condition put forward by the FFC.
  • 13th: A document has been leaked showing Russia’s Africa ambitions, showing a map of Sudan without the western region including Darfur. This comes as Russia and China has reportedly blocked UN action – following the massacre of protesters on the 3rd of June. Led by the Russian – Yevgeny Prigozhin, who is believed to run military contractor wagner involved in Russian led war in Syria. They aim to exert their influence in Africa.
    • TMC gives a statement. They admit to ordering the dispersal of the sit-in. Claim they cleaned up ‘Columbia’ because of its threat to the safety of of citizens. Will announce June 3rd massacre investigation findings on Saturday. They deem social media a threat to national security.
    • It is rumored that the internet will remain shut down for 12 more weeks.
    • Vigil takes place in Nairobi, Kenya in solidarity with the Sudanese people. Law enforcement deploys teargas in the area in attempts to disperse it.
    • US State Dept. Announces ambassador Donald E. Booth as special envoy on Sudan. He will He will lead US efforts to support a political solution to the current crisis that reflects the will of the Sudanese people.
    • Ambassador Blooth & Tibor Nagy pressed TMC Chairman Gen Burhan to take steps to allow successful talks to resume: 1. Stop attacks on civilians. 2. Withdraw military from Khartoum. 3. Allow for an independent investigation of the horrible June 3 attack on the peaceful sit-in and other recent violence. 4. Stop repression of free speech and the internet.
    • Sudan military rulers say they rejected proposal from Ethiopian prime minister to hold negotiations in Addis Ababa
  • 14th: Human Rights Watch has said that the ongoing internet shutdown in Sudan is a gross violation of human rights and should be lifted immediately.
  • 15th: TMC spokesperson denies the legitimacy of rapes reported on June 3rd massacre.
    • Declan Walsh interviews General Mohamed Hamdan (Himedti). At the interview, an officer produced seized contraband (condoms, moonshine, bongo, fake and real firearms) to show the protesters as drunk or dangerous.
    • Night protests are back as RSF presence in the capital has visibly decreased.
    • The TMC will announce the formation of a caretaker government within two weeks, whether it was agreed upon by the FFC or not.
  • 16th: A Sudanese newspaper releases photographs of ex-President Omar AlBashir leaving from what they claim to be prison.
    • AlBashir will be prosecuted for corruption, possession of foreign money & possession of illicit money
    • In a press conference, Himedti states that the army has set him up to dismantle the sin-in, thus tarnishing the reputation of RSF. He adds that he does not mind a technocratic government and reiterates his support for the revolution.
    • Inside source says “talks between the FFC and TMC are at a complete standstill, as the FFC wants to resume talks from where they ended while Himeidti wants to tear apart the old agreement.”
  • 17th: SPA calls for protests to resume. People in Alsahafa, Khartoum go out and chant for the end of the TCM & Janjaweed. Night protests in Omdurman are also reported.
    • French legal sources: Chad rebel leader General Mahamat Nouri detained in France over alleged crimes against humanity committed in Sudan.
    • Statement from EU Foreign Ministers meeting about Sudan: condemn June 3rd #SudanMassacre, hold TMC responsible, call for further confidence building measures & resumption of talks, and establishment of a civilian led transitional authority.
    • SPA announces schedule of resistance activities for the week, including: 1. Neighborhood committee meetings to explain political situation & prepare for activities. 2. Formation of civil disobedience committees. 3. Preparing for neighborhood speeches/awareness sessions.
    • Protests confirmed to be taking place at 60 St. in Khartoum
    • TMC continue to detain members of the coalition.
    • Multiple sources confirm that Omar ElBashir was living in  the villa of a form spy chief & US ambassador, instead of in Kober prison where the TMC claimed he was.
  • 18th: English Member of Parliament, David Drew, calls for a debate in the House of Commons on Thursday 20th.
    • MTN employees hold a sit-in outside their offices.
  • 19th: General Ahmed Abdoun is appointed Governor of Khartoum State by TMC, replacing General Murtada Warig who recently resigned.
    • The head of the International Criminal Court on Wednesday urged Sudan’s transitional authorities to hand over toppled president Omar Al Bashir and end his long-wanted arrest over atrocities committed in the western Darfur region.
  • 20th: Abdullah Ahmed Abdullah was appointed as Deputy Attorney General, in place of AlWaleed Sayed Ahmed Mahmoud, who was discharged from his position by General Burhan.
    • TeleComm sector employees and those affected by internet shut down protest outside the National Telecommunications Corporation Tower. Heavy security presence around the tower is reported.
    • Marches take place in Madani and Port Sudan
    • Newspaper reports that the internet blackout has a projected cost of more than one billion dollars, and will continue for 3 months.
    • Janjaweed surround the area that protesters are planning on holding a meeting at (Sahafa).
    • Sudan TV says western powers control youth at sit-in through drugs & weed. They accuse Karin Boven (Ambassador of the Netherlands to Sudan), Irfan Siddiq (British Ambassadors in Sudan), and the embassy of Sweden in Khartoum of proving drugs and weapons to the people in sit-in.
    • Doctors attacked by soldiers of the RSF at Ibrahim Malik Hospital. Employees of the hospital announce a general strike in retaliation.
  • 21st: Large protest in Sahafa, Khartoum, is broken up by the Janjaweed forces.
  • 22nd: Representatives of the FFC arrive in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and meet with the chairperson of the AU Commission, and African Foreign Ministers.
    • There is an attack on the Sudanese military base in Yemen.
  • 23rd: In a press conference, the FFC accept the negational proposal from the Ethiopian PM, Abiy Ahmed.
    • Hours later, Kabbashi, spokesperson of the TMC, rejects the Ethiopian proposal. The TMC also rejects the African Union proposal (which they do not elaborate on), stating that Ethiopia and the AU need to unify their efforts to mediate between the council and the opposition.
    • A judge in a Sudanese court orders the Communications Authority to lift the internet ban imposed by the military junta.
    • Abdelazim Hassan, a lawyer, wins his case against Zain Sudan for disruption of his 4G internet connection.
    • Former US congressman/lobbyist James Moran speaks at a Himeidti rally, telling locals to support the TMC and requesting for the international community to let Sudanese solve their own problem. Himedit introduces Moran as an American Senator from the Congress.
  • 24th: A group of Janjaweed militias assaulted citizens in Baraka Sayra (North Darfur), and arrested several people who are taken to an unknown location.
    • Janjaweed militia members broke into the Bank of Sudan at 1pm.
    • RSF forces remove billboards that call for civilian government near AlGhali gas station.
  • 25th: Night protests are held in Atbara, Nile River State. Protests break out in Wad Madani. Railroad workers stand for a civilian government.
    • Makila James, deputy assistant secretary for East Africa and the Sudans, told a U.S. House of Representatives hearing that they are looking at all options, including sanctions down the line, if any more violence is used against peaceful protesters on June 30th. This could include visa sanctions or economic sanctions.
    • Blood Bank at Ibrahim Malik Hospital is declared empty.
  • 26th: Ambassador of India to Sudan’s driver is attacked by the RSF while entering the embassy garage. He was pulled into an RSF vehicle, beaten with sticks, ad only released once it was confirmed that the driver was not the cause of an earlier road accident.
  • 27th: A government run media outlet (Sudan TV) goes on air and clams that there are infiltrators in the RSF, and that the RSF is not responsibly for the ongoing violence.
    • High school students protest in Sennar state’s capital, Sennar.
    • The TMC hires a Canadian lobbying firm, Dickens & Madson, for $6 million to polish the image of the military regime. A full contract, signed by Himeidti, reveals that the company’s mission includes searching for oil investors, seeking a meeting with President Donald Trump, and improve relations with Russia and Saudi Arabia. The firm proposes an alliance between the Sudanese regime and the Libyan militia commander. Under this alliance he would provide “military help” to the TMC in exchange for funding from Sudan.
  • 28th: Security forces arrest Ahmed Rabie, a member of the SPA, and Masoud Mohamed ElHassan, the Khartoum state’s political secretary of the Communist Party.
    • Congressman and Chariman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, Eliot Engel, calls for the Administration to sanction the RSF, particularly the actions of Himeidti. He sends a letter to Secretary of State, Pompeo, and Secretary of the Treasury, Mnuchin, calling for sanctions on the RSF.
    • Unified AU-Ethiopian mediation has submitted their proposal for Sudan’s political transition, with a deadline of June 30th. Kabbashi deems it suitable enough to be negotiated.
    • In a press conference, AlBurhan states that they have dismissed the attorney general for being complicit in investigations into elements of the Bashir regime. He announces that the TMC is ready for negotiations. Also that former security chief, Salah Gosh, left Sudan without the TMC’s consent.
  • 29th: Sudanese diaspora protests in Paris in solidarity with mass protests planned for the 30th.
    • The SPA’s press conference is surrounded by security forces, who prohibit the SPA from live streaming the conference. 
    • The SPA still release a statement, condemning the repressive behavior of the TMC storming the SPA headquarters. They hold the TMC accountable for the safety of all SPA members and journalists at the HQ. The SPA affirms the the revolution is still firmly underway.
  • 30th: Millions march took place in Sudan. 11 peaceful protesters pronounced dead so far. Over 50 cities around the world joined in solidarity.
    • Security forces (the RSF) dispersed protests in Kassala with heavy fire.
    • RSF forces in Nyala physically assaulted thousands of protesters with whips and canes, as well as verbal assault in attempts to draw protesters into violence. Anyone in the market area would be attacked. 
    • 6 peaceful protesters were shot by RSF in Freedom Square, AlObeid. 
    • SPA ordered all protesters to head to the Presidential Palace to demand justice for the martyrs and demand immediate handover of power to civilians. However, heavy RSF presence blocking bridges changed this plan, and the SPA told civilians to instead continue marches in their neighborhoods. 
    • Live ammunition fired into crowds in Omdurman as they tried to cross the bridge to Khartoum and join the larger march.
    • Himedti goes on TV to say that there are civilians with sniper guns hiding in a building by the bridge, and that they are the cause of the shooting that took place, injuring three RSF soldiers.
    • Drone footage estimates over 900,000 individuals were on Airport alone during the march. 

JULY 2019

  • 1st: In a press conference, the SPA announces a schedule of resistance operations to be carried out up until July 14th, including night protests, awareness sessions, ‘We will build it’ movement activities in neighborhoods, and the usual resistance peaceful protests. They schedule a millions march on the 13th and a nationwide civil disobedience on the 14th.
    • Also said by the SPA: “we call for an independent investigation by regional powers to determine who is responsible for the killing of protesters since April.” This is a longstanding pre-negotiation condition of the FFC. 
  • 2nd: Delegates from SPA meet with EU reps in Sudan. SPA stress significance of June 30th demonstrations, and the ongoing obstacles facing the mediation. SPA laid out its vision for overcoming the current crisis. EU representatives stress their support of independent investigation into June 3rd Massacre.
  • 3rd: The Canadian government has asked the RCMP to investigate a Montreal-based lobbyist to see if it violated Canadian sanctions by signing a US$6-million contract to seek funding and equipment for Sudan’s new military regime.
    • Night protests take place in Bahri and Omdurman as per the SPA’s resistance schedule.
    • UN Rights Chief warns that continued atrocities – including killings & rape – by Sudan‘s armed forces with impunity represent “a recipe for disaster”.
  • 4th: TMC files its first complaint against a journalist. Suheir Abdelrahim was summoned and questioned by the prosecution office on a column she wrote criticizing the TMC.
    • A document released by the local newspaper reveals an official document that states that the TMC didn’t order the internet blackout. However, the spokesperson of the TCM is recorded saying, on television, that they did order the black out and won’t restore it anytime soon (for national security reasons).
    • High school students in Medani, Jezira State come out in protest today as per SPA’s schedule of resistance activities.
  • 5th: It is announced that a power-sharing agreement between the TMC and FFC has been reached. The drafted agreement proposes an 11 member Sovereign Council: 5 members FFC, 5 members TMC, and the 11th  member to a civilian to be agreed on by both parties. The FFC will choose the Council of Ministers, and the Legislative Council will be chosen after the aforementioned two councils. The entire transition period will be 3 years and 3 months long: 1) 6 months to accomplish peace 2) 21 months (including 6 months) led by the military 3) 18 months led by the civilians. An independent national committee will be appointed to investigate all injustices committed by the TMC since AlBashir’s fall (April 11th). International and African Union figures will overwatch this national committee. The final agreement will be drafted and signed in 48 hours (by Saturday the 7th).
  • 6th: Gulf cooperation council welcomes the agreement in Sudan.
  • 7th: The SPA releases a revised schedule of resistance activities, canceling the civil disobedience scheduled for the 13th and 14th, and canceling the Millions March scheduled for the 13th. All other protests were canceled, and replaced by awareness sessions (on a neighborhood scale but also in professional workplaces) about this transitional period, what it means, and what peoples’ responsibilities are. Saturday the 13th is a memorial day marking 40 days since the #SudanMassacre.
    • Protests take place in Medani in support of justice for the martyrs of the revolution. High school students go out in Alhasahisa, Jezira State to protest the learning environment, and demand improvement to schools and the education system. 
    • AlBurhan in a statement to Alarabiya: “None of the members of the TMC have any involvement in the dispersal of the Khartoum sit-in. The individuals who dispersed the Khartoum sit-in are under arrest.”
  • 8th: Leaders from the UAE and Sudan have agreed to send militant fighters to support General Khalifa Haftar in Libya.
    • The President of the TMC once again denies responsibility of the #SudanMassacre of June 3rd: “There is a rented military group admitting that they shot at the protesters and the armed forces.”
  • 9th: The internet returns in Sudan in all its forms, from all providers, by around 5pm local time. Those who were denied access since June 3rd start a hashtag on twitter to post the footage they have as evidence of the TMC’s crimes that day. Contributions from protesters out on June 30th are also added. 
  • 10th: The TMC tried to get a refund on its $6-million payment to a Canadian lobbyist, after they quarreled over the June 3 #SudanMassacre.
    • The Democratic Alliance of Lawyers is suing Sudan National TV for airing fake-news and material to incite hatred and obstruct justice; as it influenced the ongoing investigation of the crimes committed on the 3rd of June.
  • 11th: TMC announces the arrest of soldiers inplicated in a failed coup attempt. This is supposedly the third time this happens since April.
    • Disagreements in translation of some terms delay the finalization of the agreement between the FFC and TMC, so the signing is postponed to next week. Instead, the two parties are to exchange their draft agreements today.
    • Protesters all over the country go out to remind everybody of the millions march to take place on July 13th. 
  • 12th: A press conference was held with the negotiation mediator: the third round of negotiations between FFC and TMC concluded with a complete political agreement. Another round of negotiations will be held on Saturday to revise & sign the constitutional agreement
    • TMC accuses Wad Ibrahim of being part of the group that attempted an alleged coup. Wad Ibrahim was implicated in a coup attempt in 2012 along with Gosh and other islamists and he was accordingly tried and jailed for a few months.
  • 13th: A million march protest takes place all around Sudan to honor the martyrs of the #SudanMassacre. 
  • 14th: At 9am, RSF trucks ambush AlSuki, Sennar State and open live fire on the crow, shooting dead a civilian and hospitalizing many others. There are some reports of a clash starting between the army and RSF afterwards.
    • In response, protesters in Shambat, Bahri (Khartoum) and Wad Madani go out to protest in defiance of the RSF’s unlawful acts
    • The RSF is reportedly removed from Suki and replaced by the army
    • The SPA releases a statement condemning the RSF’s attack and requesting that any and all evidence is sent to them, so that they can later use it to issue a detailed breakdown of the events. 
    • Talks scheduled between the FFC and TMC have been postponed to Tuesday the 16th.
    • Word of mouth spreads news of the next millions march is to take place on July 18th, with the objective of dispelling the RSF from the country. 
  • 15th: Citizens of multiple cities go out to protest the brutality the RSF inflicted on peaceful protesters in Suki, Sennar State, throughout the day and during the previous night
    • Very early in the morning, news breaks that a member of the Janjaweed ran over 3 citizens in Omdurman, Khartoum: a grandmother and two of her grandchildren. According to activist M. Khalifa, the truck hit them as they stopped to get bread from a bakery, and fled. Later, after the truck was apprehended by army officers, they found Janjaweed members driving under the influence of alcohol.
    • The internet is rumored to be shut down once more at 01:00am tonight.
    • In Aldi’ein, East Darfur, RSF forces arrested and tortured 5 citizens, killing one. Public outrage erupted once the news about the death of Modathar spread around town, and led to clashes between the citizens and the RSF. Citizens burned RSF offices. 
    • Pictures of documents signed by the TMC are posted on twitter. They state that all of Sudan will be in a state of emergency for 3 months starting from July 11th. The legitimacy of these documents remains unconfirmed.
  • 16th: NISS’s operations unit is now part of the RSF structure
  • 18th: The United States House of Foreign Affairs Committee passed H.Res432, which condemns attacks on peaceful protesters & supports an immediate transition to a civilian-led democratic government.
  • 19th:
  • 20th:
  • 21st:
  • 22nd:
  • 23rd:
  • 24th:
  • 25th:
  • 26th:
  • 27th: TMC’s investigation committee releases findings surrounding June 3 Khartoum sit-in dispersal/massacre. They say 
    • Peaceful protesters injured during impromptu protests today, following the TMC investigation committee’s announcement.
    • Four children passed away in Buluk Hospital due to power outages.
  • 28th: African mediator Mohamed ElHassan said in a statement today that the meeting on the constitutional document (scheduled for Monday) was postponed.
  • 29th: High school students of ElObeid, North Kordofan, go out to protest demanding a better education environment. They are met with live ammunition from the Janjaweed forces. 8 individuals are murdered (4 students).
    • A curfew of 9pm to 6am is enforced in ElObeid.
    • Siddiq Youssef, senior leader of the Sudanese Communist Party, calls for the FFC to halt negotiations until the junta’s human rights violations have stopped.
  • 30th:  All classes across the country are suspended until after the Eid break. 
    • Students around Khartoum take to the streets to protest the killing of students. Shots are fired in Souk Libya, Omdurman. 
  • 31st: The trial of the ousted president Omar AlBashir has been postponed to August 15th.

AUGUST 2019

  • 1st: A Millions March takes place all around the country, demanding justice for the massacre of students in ElObeid, North Kordofan. It was called by the SPA, and titled “Fair Punishment”.
    • The Janjaweed used live ammunition to disperse the protests in Souq Libya, Omdurman, killing 4 individuals. 
    • Teargas was also used to disperse protests. RSF trucks were seen roaming around the capital, heavily concentrated in areas where people gather most, like the previous Military HQ sit-in site and Airport Road.
  • 2nd:
  • 3rd: The African Union Envoy for Sudan declares a reached agreement between the TMC and FFC on the constitutional document.
  • 4th: A young man by the name of Yasser Awad Yasin was shot dead by the RSF in Dongola while protesting power outages. 
    • The TMC and FFC initialed the agreed upon draft constitutional document, and scheduled the final signing to take place on August 17th. The document was published in Arabic by the SPA. 
  • 5th: T

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